Prohibition on dealing in and keeping certain species Regulation 50 is not yet in effect [ view slide ]. It is important to note, however, that although biodiversity is often assumed to be a provider of ecosystem services, it is not proven that increased ecosystem services leads to increased biodiversity, or vice versa Egoh et al. Eighty-eight percent of fish stocks are either "overexploited or significantly depleted," as are a quarter of animal species , including "mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds and butterflies. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Indicators are the measurements used together to evaluate success or failure of a given tool to achieve an outcome Jones et al. It features six priority targets: The following is the established format for referencing this article:
The EU Biodiversity Strategy to On 3 May , the European Commission adopted a new strategy to halt the loss of biodiversity and improve the state of .
In one striking example, Potocnik said some "35 percent of food resources He said the "uncontrolled spread on non-native land of animals or insects" from other habitats "causes some The European Commission readily admitted that EU targets were badly missed, hence the recalibration after a United Nations conference set out global goals last year in Nagoya, Japan. The new Brussels strategy followed commitments made by EU leaders in March -- to "halt" the loss of EU biodiversity by , and "protect, value and restore" EU biodiversity by Lost "mainly due to changes in land use, pollution, the over-exploitation of resources, the uncontrolled spread of non-native species and climate change," Potocnik set out a six-pronged approach to tackling the problem.
Kidnapping in the Antarctic animal world? Pteropods or sea snails, also called sea angels, produce chemical deterrents to ward off predators, and some species of amphipods take advantage of this by carrying pteropods piggyback to gain protection from predators. A Montana State University study of Yellowstone National Park and the surrounding area shows that increased population and density, as well as a changing climate, are affecting the overall ecological health of the region.
Protected areas alone are not enough to save Australia's threatened species, according to research from the Threatened Species Recovery Hub. Throughout the alluvial plains of Amazonia, there are immense forests that are flooded for almost half the year.
These Amazonian wetlands encompass a wide array of types of vegetation in or near stream gullies, including Climate change and other external forces are causing rapid marine community shifts in Japan's coastal ecosystems. Better understanding of species distribution dynamics, as driven by these factors, can improve conservation A white shark's acute sense of smell is legendary, allowing it to detect a potential meal several miles away—and giving pause to those of us who work and play in the ocean.
The importance of the threat of invasive species is reflected in a suite of international, European and national policy and legislation. The Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity CBD at their tenth meeting set out a Strategic Plan for Biodiversity with 20 headline targets for organized under five strategic goals. By , invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.
The European Commission also adopted an ambitious new strategy to halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU by Tighter controls on invasive alien species. It is further stated as being:. By , Invasive Alien Species IAS and their pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and pathways are managed to prevent the introduction and establishment of new IAS. EU Biodiversity Strategy to The Regulation lays down rules to prevent, minimise and mitigate the adverse impacts of the introduction and spread, both intentional and unintentional, of invasive alien species on biodiversity and the related ecosystem services, as well as other adverse impact on human health or the economy.
Both targets 14 and 15 are placed under Strategic Goal D, which is the goal containing reference to ecosystem services. As biodiversity objectives and targets move from the global CBD scale to the EU regional scale, we would expect more specificity, i.
In the case of EU biodiversity policy, however, the regional targets have been more generically framed than the global targets. The final version of EU Target 2, on the other hand, is not specific about the ecosystem services of interest, claiming only that restoration should maintain and enhance ecosystems and their services.
Quantitative targets have become the standard of technocratic management because they can be measured and evaluated. If it had done so, we could say that the target is an ecosystem in a particular state.
Because it does not, the target is an ecosystem in a restored state, which is left up to interpretation. In addition to being an objective and a target, ecological restoration is a primary tool by which Aichi Target 15 and EU Target 2 are supposed to be achieved. In the proposed model, restoration is considered achieved when an ecosystem patch moves up on the scale, i.
Ecological restoration takes on three simultaneous but different roles in CBD and EU biodiversity policy: This creates challenges to actually bettering the biodiversity status of our planet.
Because restoration itself has been listed as an objective of the EU policy, meeting the objective through a tool deployed to reach a numerical target becomes an accounting exercise.
Parties have an incentive to maximize how much area they count as restored to meet the goal. Climate change—induced habitat changes and areas affected by natural disasters are specifically excluded as degraded areas Lammerant et al. The prioritization scheme does not require ecological restoration in Target 2 to be an activity that should improve ecosystem services to improve or maintain biodiversity, even though the CBD targets frame restoration within concerns about ecosystem services.
International targets can be misappropriated to support specific agendas or strategies of interest groups whether or not the outcome of those activities aligns with the policy objectives Vandemoortele If and when the CBD and EU biodiversity targets are implemented at regional and national scales, ecological restoration is going to play a large part.
It is imperative, therefore, that thought be given to why restoration activities are being done and what their actual outcome with respect to biodiversity and ecosystem service preservation and recovery is expected to be. Because of the weight toward ecosystem services in the targets that mandate restoration activities, ecological restoration success should at a minimum be judged against service-based indicators.
Ecosystem restoration is now a global priority: Le Duc, and L. Pages in R. Global governance of biodiversity: Restoration of ecosystem services and biodiversity: Trends in Ecology and Evolution Convention for Biodiversity CBD. Strategic plan for biodiversity and the Aichi biodiversity targets, Nagoya, Japan, October Exploring restoration options for habitats, species and ecosystem services in the European Union.
Journal of Applied Ecology Options for an EU vision and target for biodiversity beyond COM 4 final. Our life insurance, our natural capital: COM final. Commission staff working paper. SEC final.
The 2050 EU Biodiversity Vision
Publication metadata. The vision: by , European Union biodiversity and the ecosystem services it provides – its natural capital – are protected, valued and appropriately restored for biodiversity’s intrinsic value and for their essential contribution to human well-being and economic prosperity, and so that catastrophic changes caused by the loss of biodiversity are avoided. catastrophic changes caused by the loss of biodiversity are avoided. HEADLINE TARGET Halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU and restore them insofar as feasible, and step up the EU's contribution to averting global biodiversity loss. In practice The strategy includes three specific biodiversity to that ecosystems and their are protected and enhanced. Assess the impact of EU pdf on biodiversity and investigate the opportunity of a compensation or offsetting scheme to ensure that there is no net loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services Some of the progress so.